Ahora que lo pienso, siempre me había parecido frustrante que en el ajedrez el rey sea un carácter apocado al que hay que proteger mientras la reina tiene una libertad de movimientos inigualable. Por eso me ha hecho gracia encontrar aquí que esa libertad de movimientos fue introducida en la Europa cuando le juego fue introducido en la edad media:
David Levering Lewis expands on this with regards to another subject: «Chess, a favorite pastime of Harun al-Rashid, would be taken up by Andalusians in the 820s. Precisely when chess underwent its startling revolution on the Iberian peninsula is uncertain – when, that is, the ‘queen’ would displace the ‘vizir’ as the most powerful piece in the game, empowered to move unrestricted in all directions. In any case, the fact that the chess game played among Andalusi Arabs would keep to the old rules along with the traditional pieces, while Christians and Jews accepted the ‘queen,’ raises enough thoughts about the politics of gender in early Islam and Christianity to fill many books.»
The history of chess is still debated, but it is commonly held that the first version of the game was invented in India. (…) Chess went through a number of mutations as it spread. During the Middle Ages in Europe, the names and moves of the pieces changed considerably, until the game was more or less settled by the end of the fifteenth century. The queen became the piece with the greatest freedom of movement. This was definitely not a feature of the form of chess played by Muslims, who would never allow an unveiled female character to move around freely between male characters. The chess queen looked like some kind of harlot to them, no doubt.
De la liberación de la mujer tras introducción del matrimonio monogámico por la Iglesia Católica tratamos ya aquí.