Me he referido al tema en otras ocasiones (Churchill, Hitler and the Unnecessary War, de Pat Buchanan (8). Capítulo 14. Churchil ¿el hombre del siglo?). Vamos a tratarlo en detalle. La información básica la tenéis en la entrada de la wiki en español. No sé si conocéis algún otro texto disponible en Internet que tenga mas detalles, si es así, avisad, por favor. La versión española no tiene ninguna mención a los aspectos criminales del plan que hubiera llevado a un genocidio de magnitudes desconocidas hasta entonces: 25 millones de alemanes.
La versión inglesa es bastante completa. De ella os voy a entresacar los aspectos más importantes:
The memorandum concluded “is looking forward to converting Germany into a country primarily agricultural and pastoral in its character.”
Se trataba de quitar toda la industria a Alemania para hacer de Alemania un país “pastoral” de agricultores y ganaderos.
In 1945 the German Red Cross was dissolved, and the International Red Cross and other international relief agencies were kept from helping ethnic Germans through strict controls on supplies and on travel. The few agencies permitted to operate within Germany, such as the indigenous Caritas Verband, were not allowed to use imported supplies. When the Vatican attempted to transmit food supplies from Chile to German infants the U.S. State Department forbade it. In early October 1945 the UK government privately acknowledged in a cabinet meeting that, German civilian adult death rates had risen to four times the pre-war levels and death rates amongst the German children had risen by 10 times the pre-war levels.
Impiden la ayuda humanitaria del exterior. La mortalidad infantil es tremenda.
Unhappy with the Morgenthau-plan consequences, in a March 18, 1947 report former U.S. President Herbert Hoover remarked:“There is the illusion that the New Germany left after the annexations can be reduced to a ‘pastoral state’. It cannot be done unless we exterminate or move 25,000,000 people out of it.”
25 millones, es decir, cuatro veces los míticos 6 millones y uno de propina.
In early 1947 four million German soldiers were still being used as forced labor in the UK, France, and the Soviet Union to repair damage made by Nazi Germany to those countries.
Dos años después de la Guerra había 4 millones de soldados alemanes haciendo trabajos forzados en Francia, Inglaterra y la Unión soviética.
Morgenthau was the only Cabinet member invited to participate in the Quebec Conference during which the Plan was agreed to.
Morgenthau (foto), responsable directo.
The Morgenthau plan faced strong opposition within Roosevelt’s government. Henry L. Stimson, Secretary of War, said he had “yet to meet a man who was not horrified at the ‘Carthaginian’ attitude of the Treasury. It is Semitism gone wild for vengeance and will lay the seeds of another war in the next generation.” He further pointed out that the plan violated the Atlantic Charter, which promised equal opportunity for the pursuit of happiness to both victors and vanquished. In a note to the president dated September 5, 1944, Stimson wrote.
Una venganza semítica salvaje.
Harry Dexter White, regarded by many as the principal author of the plan, was after his death exposed as having passed information onto the Soviets, who were U.S. allies at the time.
De este sucio Harry (foto) hemos tratado en otra ocasión: Harry Dexter White, el judío comunista que creo el Fondo Monetario Internacional
The theory that Roosevelt was not truly rejecting the plan, just postponing the decision until a more propitious time is supported by Eleanor Roosevelt, who states that she never heard him disagree with the basics of the plan, and who believed that “the repercussions brought about by the press stories made him feel that it was wise to abandon any final solution at that time.”
¿He leído solución final?
Drew Pearson publicized the plan on September 21, although Pearson himself was sympathetic to it. More critical stories in the New York Times and The Wall Street Journal quickly followed. Joseph Goebbels said that “The Jew Morgenthau” wanted to make Germany into a giant potato patch. Goebbels used the Morgenthau Plan for his propaganda machine extensively. The headline of the Völkischer Beobachter stated, “ROOSEVELT AND CHURCHILL AGREE TO JEWISH MURDER PLAN!”
The Washington Post urged a stop to helping Dr. Goebbels: if the Germans suspect that nothing but complete destruction lies ahead, then they will fight on. The Republican presidential candidate Thomas Dewey complained in his campaign that the Germans had been terrified by the plan into fanatical resistance, “Now they are fighting with the frenzy of despair.”
Tras ser publicado fue usado por los nacionalsocialistas como propaganda, advirtiendo a los alemanes lo que les esperaba si fueran derrotados. Animó a la nación a resistir más.
In occupied Germany Morgenthau left a direct legacy through what in OMGUS commonly were called “Morgenthau boys“. These were U.S. Treasury officials whom Dwight D. Eisenhower has “loaned” in to the Army of occupation. These people ensured that the JCS 1067 was interpreted as strictly as possible. They were most active in the first crucial months of the occupation, but continued their activities for almost two years following the resignation of Morgenthau in mid 1945 and some time later also of their leader Colonel Bernard Bernstein, who was “the repository of the Morgenthau spirit in the army of occupation”.
The Eisenhower tratamos aquí (Los campos de concentración de Eisenhower. De obligada lectura). Bernstein (foto) es de la misma etnia que Morgentau y Dexter. En el enlace cuentan que cuando le apartaron del puesto que le permitía aplicar el castigo al pueblo alemán, volvió a la vida civil.
Conditions in Germany reached their lowest point in 1947. Living conditions were considered worse in 1947 than in 1945 or 1946. At an average ration of 1040 calories a day, malnutrition was at its worst stage in post-war Germany. Herbert Hoover asserted that this amount of rations was hardly more than the amount which caused thousands in the Nazi concentration camps to die from starvation.
In Germany shortage of food was an acute problem, according to Alan S. Milward in 1946-47 the average kilocalorie intake per day was only 1,080, an amount insufficient for long-term health. Other sources state that the kilocalorie intake in those years varied between as low as 1,000 and 1,500. William Clayton reported to Washington that “millions of people are slowly starving.”
Es decir, se hambreó a todo el país durante dos años.
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En resumen, el plan no llegó a ponerse en práctica porque al filtrarse a la prensa el pueblo norteamericano reacionó con indignación ante semejante projecto criminal. Pero se aplicó atenuado un plan de desindustrialziación sistemática y se hizo pasar a los alemanes verdadera hambre durante dos años. La principal razón por la que se abandonó el plan fue que sin Alemania Europa nunca se recuperaría y la pobreza llevaría a la revolución comunista.
Aquí hay un facsimil del plan: Suggested Post-Surrender Program for Germany
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Atención a lo que leo aquí (Buchanan: Churchill Spurred the Decline of the West): Trece millones de alemanes fueron desplazados de los lugares en que habían vivido desde hacía cientos de años tras la guerra. Dos de ellos dejaron la vida en el camino.
Churchill then gave his benediction to the most barbaric act of ethnic cleansing in history: the forced expulsion of 13 million German old men, women and children from their ancestral homes. Two million died in the exodus.
Parece mentira, y sin embargo, actualmente los alemanes ni siquiera lo pueden lamentar sin levantar sospechas de filonazis