Remato el tema. El artículo anterior es este: El hecho diferencial portugués (3): La invasión mahometana y la reconquista.
Chapter 12:Final Steps Toward Portuguese Independence
As the barons of Galicia had formed around Alfonso Raimundez, so did the barons of the territory south of the Minho River gather around Theresa’s son, Affonso Henriques, forming a party of revolt against his mother. In 1128 the land to the north of the Douro was in the hands of this group, while Theresa and Peres were in control to the south. In the same year, at the Battle of São Mamede near Guimarães, Theresa and Peres were beaten and expelled from Portugal.
From this time forward, the area was under the control of local persons, exclusively occupied with what has become recognized as Portuguese and conscious of their determination to maintain an independent unit in present North Portugal. Their intentions as to the south were as yet unformed, insofar as we have evidence. Supposedly, the centuries-old habit of fighting Moslems on the south border was not lost to sight. Affonso Henriques successfully fought alternately the Moslems on the south and Alfonso VII on the east and north. In 1139 or 1140 he assumed the title of king and proclaimed the official independence of Portugal. Pope Alexander III underwrote this claim in 1179.
Qué curioso. Tuve una polémica aquí con un tal Afonso Henriques, que venía de Gates of Viena (Castilla fue colonizada por los castellanos; Valencia también. Los gallegos son un pueblo portugués, Si son estas las ideas que los portugueses tienen de España…). No sabía, hasta leer esto, que era el héroe de la independencia portuguesa. Imaginaos nuestra situación. En plena Tercera Yijad, un colega portugués de la ContraYijad, se inspira en el héroe de la independencia respecto de España, no en ningún personaje portugués –caso de que lo haya- destacado en la lucha contra el Islam. Penoso. Qué tropa.
It would seem more difficult to explain why Galicia, which had always been an integral part of the northwest culture region, remained separate from the Portuguese state. However, the reasons may not be difficult to find. One of them, obviously, is the fact that the re-establishment of political control of the province of the Minho came from Porto in the south and not from Galicia. León, on the other hand, was resettled out of the north, with Galicians making up part of the group of settlers. For the Portuguese area a new political and economic orientation had been established. Nuclear Portugal (the Minho Province) had a degree of isolation not possessed by Galicia. The only good entryway into the north of Portugal is along the western seacoast. Another entryway, from Verín along the Tâmega River Valley through Chaves and then, over a slight rise, into the valley of the Corgo River and finally into that of the Douro, is of local economic and of limited strategic importance. A third possible entryway is that along the high plain of northeastern Portugal leading into Spain in the neighborhood of the town of Alcañices. This, however, is even more inaccessible than that of Verín-Chaves. On the east there is none until south of the latitude of Salamanca where, after the twelfth century, a connection was made between Ciudad Rodrigo  in Spain and the Portuguese city of Guarda, settled in 1197. The Romans had used a route across this middle country, but it ran somewhat to the south of the Ciudad Rodrigo-Guarda road.
Perhaps an even more important reason for the separation of Galicia from nuclear Portugal concerns the establishment of Santiago de Compostela as a great religious and pilgrimage center. The road to Santiago across the north of Spain was a famous and important route, linking Spain with Galicia physically and emotionally. There was no such link between Portugal and Spain. On the contrary, the Portuguese church had been a relatively independent institution. The Bishop and later Metropolitan in Braga had independent rights. If, as was once hoped, the Metropolitan of Braga had become the Iberian Primate, Portuguese history might have been different, but this did not occur and his authority became localized.
There is no single, simple reason for Portuguese independence. Individual judgments, institutional decisions, historical backgrounds, and the position and nature of the land all contributed to the result.
Explica porqué Galicia, a diferencia de Portugal, no se separó de España,
En fin, creo que quedan bien explicados los motivos de la independencia portuguesa. Independencia que, a pesar de las paranoias de los “nacionalistas’ portugueses, los españoles no tenemos ningún interés en perturbar.
ACTUALIZACIÓN: Me acaba de lelgar esto en un correo pues estaba suscrito a la entrada del blog portugués que dejé de leer por su mala baba antiespañola:
Por tudo isto e por um imperativo de interesse nacional TEMOS QUE CORRER COM O IBERÓCRATES.
Viva Portugal e Olivença Portuguesa.
Morte à Espanha, ou melhor ao Império Colonial Castelhano.
Independência para a Catalunya, Galiza e Euskadi (País Basco)
Viva Portugal, estaremos cá pelos menos 900 anos, à Espanha eu ainda a vou ver desaparecer do mapa e nesse dia deitarei foguetes e todos os Portugueses o devem fazer.
E lembro a estes traidores á pátria que ainda há Portugueses de bem, e que amam o seu país e estão cá para o defender se for preciso tal como fizeram os nosso antepassados.
Viva Portugal sempre.
¿No sabrá este mentecato que los patriotas españoles no saben ni siquiera qué es el iberismo? ¿No sabrá que los separatistas españoles apoyan el iberismo como estrategia para desactivar España?